Mass Concrete Tie Fabrication
Building Track with Concrete Ties.
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Concrete ties are heavy which is good for the railroad, but makes getting them to the rail head an operation of its own. We either haul them to the rail head on a railcar or our John Deere Gator. Jim is returning for more ties as Carl installs the outside rail.

We decided to install concrete ties on some of the sharper curves first to see how well the kept the curve from shifting during expansion and contraction.  Carl and Carol are about midway on this 120' long curve with a 55' radius.

After installing the outside rail and adjusting the curve to where we wanted it, Kent begins installing the second rail. 

Carl Breeze is wearing knee pads because building track on the ground is tough on the knees no matter if the ties are wood or concrete. 
Close up of installed rails on concrete ties.
Close up of tie plate installation

This curve is ready for Ballast, the ballast car is ready.

Close up of joint on concrete ties.  We cast 8 (4 per tie plate) inserts in 1 out of every twenty ties for use as needed at joints.
First pass with the ballast car.
After second pass the excess ballast is broomed off.  We use #11 washed limestone for ballast.  It drains very well and locks together nicely after a hard rain.  It is a very workable size stone.
Before and after ballast, and comparison with treated wood ties for looks.
New Unionville and Western Railroad - Southern Indiana Live Steamers, Inc.
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